I bet you’re wondering, “Who exactly makes these viruses?” Most of you are probably thinking of a kid in a dorm room staying up late at night, lights dimmed, monitor screen bright, fingers tapping away at a keyboard. In most cases, you would be right! There are other people out there that make viruses, however! There are people that make them professionally, also known as White Hat hackers. There are also hackers that will develop viruses to exploit a hole in a website’s security or a company’s firewall. These are known as Grey Hat hackers. The last group develops viruses for malice and with intent, and these are known as Black Hat hackers.
Yet still there are more developers, mostly in Russia and China that develop the viruses many people call “ScareWare.” These are programs designed to look like a legitimate anti-virus telling you that your computer is infected and try to get you to buy their product. Many go by the name “Anti-Virus 2014” or “Windows Virus Chest 2014.” They will hold your computer ransom until you pay, and even then sometimes it won’t release control of your computer, forcing you to reformat or call in a professional to remove it, even after giving your money to these scam artists!
The last group is one you’d probably never imagine. There are scores of developers working for the Federal Government, CIA, and other agencies across the world that develop viruses to infiltrate and infect high-security information strongholds from other countries in a form of “Cyber Warfare.” Just recently, one unknown country launched a secret attack via a virus that crippled a nation’s nuclear program, but only infected computers specific to the cause. No one is claiming responsibility, and traces of the virus have all but been eradicated in these systems, but only after the damage was done.